Types of Essay Writing

An essay is, in essence, a writing that presents the author’s argument, but often the definition is very vague, often overlapping with those of an essay, a paper, a novel, a pamphlet and even a short story. Essays are traditionally classified as formal and personal. They involve scholarly research and should focus on the topic(s) the essay purports to discuss. The term “essay” first appeared in the English language in the 1820s; it comes from the Greek word “ysis” (self) and is related to the verb “to be”. In academic writing, essays are typically required to follow certain formatting guidelines.

“Essay” also has another meaning in that it is typically used as a synonym for a report or narrative; an account of events, usually related in time and sometimes not entirely independent. ” Narrative” typically refers to a written account of an event, whether or not associated with the reader’s point of view. “Essay” also means, in the context of research studies, that which one can not interpret. Some writers consider that descriptive essays give too much away; however, other readers feel that giving too much information will cause the reader to form too many opinions, thus reducing the essay to a mere recitation of facts.

Written Research

Most universities require that written research be preceded by an introduction. In this part of the essay, the title and theme of the work became clear. The introductory paragraph must adequately describe the work at hand and the writer’s point of view on it. The focus of this introductory paragraph is the thesis statement of the work. The thesis is the most important part of the essay. It should stand out and be the focus of the remainder of the text.


The thesis statement is often a single sentence, but it can vary, depending on the topic of the essay. For a student writing on ancient philosophy, the thesis might be “the existence and uniqueness of the essence of reality are a mystery.” This would capture the reader’s attention immediately; however, if the same were presented in a scientific approach, the reader would have to wade through numerous scientific statements to reach the thesis, which might then be further discussed in the body of the work. A careful balance is required here.

The second element that the essay needs to contain within its thesis is a discussion of the thesis. Essays can be written in different ways, depending on the audience and the style of the writer. One way to begin such a discussion is with an essay map, which is a graphical presentation of the essay. Essay maps are typically labeled according to topic and are used as a guide to the structure of the essay. An example of a basic essay map would look something like this:


The introduction of an essay may stand out as the most important part, and it certainly deserves at least some focus. The introduction is the section that introduces the topic of the essay and gives the reader an overview of what is to come in the body of the work. It should be short, concise, and clear. The introduction needs to be a good balance of information and opinion, without being over-intellectual. In the literature review, the introduction would take up the most significant points of the review and synthesize them into a meaningful essay. The conclusion is the section where the reader will get the full meaning of the essay and is often the most emotional, as it is there to confirm or disprove a point.

Narrative essays generally follow the same general format as essay paragraphs, but there are a few key differences. As the name implies, a narrative essay relies on the narration of the story to support its various points. While it is a common tool for persuasive essay, it does not necessarily lend itself to the type of detailed research required in a scholarly document. Finally, unlike literary prose, it does not have a definite beginning and end, although the author can provide one using the narrative element.

In summary, there are three main categories of essay writing. Each has its own merits and drawbacks. Essays can be broadly categorized as either opinion essay, argument essay, or narrative essay. Each depends on the type of information to be presented and its intended audience. If one is to engage in a thorough analysis, one should ideally choose a topic and then write both an introduction and the body of the work, using the same format and argument.